(Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is
the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency
Americans represent an estimated 12% of the U.S.
population yet make up almost 37% of all reported AIDS
has resulted in more deaths among African American women
than any other cause (e.g., heart disease, cancer).
American women represent the highest percentage (62%) of
all reported AIDS cases among women.
1998 reported rate of AIDS cases among African Americans
was 66.4 per 100,000. This was more than two times
greater than the rate for Hispanics and eight times
greater than the rate for Whites.
statistics indicate that the HIV/AIDS rate among all
women has risen from 7% of total AIDS cases in 1985 to
23% of all cases in 1998.
estimate that 240,000 to 325,000 African American women,
about 1 in 160, are infected with HIV.
African American women, injection drug usage accounts
for 44% of all AIDS cases reported since the epidemic
began in 1982, with 37% due to heterosexual contact.
contact is at present the greatest risk factor or mode
of transmission for African American women who acquire
CDC National HIV/AIDS Hotline - Trained information
specialists answer questions about HIV infection and AIDS in
English (1-800-342-AID) and provide TTY
service for the deaf (1-800-243-7889). The Spanish
service (1-800-344-7432) offers STD information in addition
to information about HIV/AIDS.
for Disease Control and Prevention Division of HIV/AIDS
Kaiser Family Foundation. “The Untold Story: AIDS and
Black Americans: A Briefing on the Crisis of AIDS among
African Americans,” March 16-17, 1998. HIV Insite.
National Survey of African Americans on HIV/AIDS.